X-Ray Reveals John Dee Painting Originally Had Circle of Human Skulls

By on January 21, 2016

A painting of 16th-century mathematician and occultist John Dee performing an experiment for Queen Elizabeth I has been hiding a dark secret.
This painting of occultist John Dee originally had a circle of skulls
Why was the circle of skulls covered up? Photo: Wellcome Library

In preparation for its exhibition at the Royal College of Physicians, an x-ray of a painting by Henry Gillard Glindoni has revealed a surprisingly dark secret. In the painting, John Dee, a man once known as “the Queen’s conjurer” performs an experiment for Queen Elizabeth I. What the x-ray revealed, however, is that Dee was originally standing in a circle of skulls.

For The Guardian, Mark Brown writes:

X-ray imaging of the stately Victorian artwork has revealed that Dee was originally surrounded by human skulls before the ghoulish image was painted over, probably because it was too odd for the buyer. But curators of an exhibition opening on Monday believe it sums up the conundrum of Dee: should we remember him as brilliant pioneering scientist, or as an occultist who thought he could talk to angels?

X-ray image reveals human skulls hidden in a painting of John Dee
X-ray image of the circle of skulls hidden in the painting of John Dee.

It is not known why the skulls were covered up, but exhibition curator Katie Birkwood concludes it was likely at the request of the person who commissioned the painting:

“Glindoni had to to make it look like what we now see, which is august and serious, from what it was, which was occult and spooky. That epitomises the two different impressions of Dee which people have and the fight between them.”

The exhibition Scholar, courtier, magician: the lost library of John Dee runs from January 18 to July 29 at the Royal College of Physicians. It includes a selection of Dee’s books with his personal notes scrawled in the margins, as well as his crystal ball and an obsidian magical mirror.

h/t Odd Things I’ve Seen


  1. Avatar

    Crochetaholic Who

    April 22, 2018 at 10:55 am

    Oh I’d much rather the original. It is the truth of who he was and what he did. It better represents the beliefs of the time.

  2. Avatar


    February 23, 2016 at 6:06 pm

    I like the circle of skulls too. It gives an air of creepy fantasy

  3. Avatar


    February 10, 2016 at 1:06 am

    ^ that is a perfect idea and I agree 1000% percent!

  4. Avatar


    January 23, 2016 at 7:57 am

    I like the idea of the circle of skulls, reflecting the circle of important watchers, with their own deaths ever present to bring their self importance down to common mortality.

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