Snake with three eyes

Snake with Three Eyes Found in Australia

A python with a rare mutation was discovered by park officials in Australia.

Park officials in the Northern Territory of Australia announced that park rangers found a three-eyed snake along a highway near the town of Humpty Doo in March.

The 3-month old carpet python, nicknamed Monty (as in Monty Python) appeared to be normal in every way, with the exception of a third eye protruding from the top of its head.

“The snake is peculiar as an x-ray revealed it was not two separate heads forged together,” Northern Territory Parks and Wildlife wrote on Facebook, “rather it appeared to be one skull with an additional eye socket and three functioning eyes.”

Three-eyed snake found by park officials in Australia
Image: Northern Territory Parks and Wildlife

See the x-rays:

“It was generally agreed that the eye likely developed very early during the embryonic stage of development,” the Facebook post said. “It is extremely unlikely that this is from environmental factors and is almost certainly a natural occurrence as malformed reptiles are relatively common.”

“Every baby has a mutation of some sort – this one is just particularly coarse and misshapen,” Prof Fry, from the University of Queensland, told the BBC. “I haven’t seen a three-eyed snake before, but we have a two-headed carpet python in our lab – it’s just a different kind of mutation like what we see with Siamese twins.”

An unusual mutation gave this Australian python a third eye
Image: Northern Territory Parks and Wildlife

Monty had been struggling to eat due to the mutation, and died just weeks after being found.

Extinct Lord Howe Island Stick Insects Found in Unlikely Place

Believed to be extinct for 80 years, the giant Lord Howe Island stick insect showed up in the most unlikely place.
Lord Howe Island stick insects at the Melbourne Zoo

When Europeans first landed on Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Ocean between Australia and New Zealand, they discovered a unique species of stick insect so large they called them “tree lobsters.” Dryococelus australis was common there, and often used by fisherman as bait.

That all changed in 1918, though, when the supply ship S.S. Makambo ran aground on the island. It was stranded there for 9 days while the crew made repairs. During that time, black rats who had stowed away on the Makambo jumped ship and discovered the stick insects were a tasty treat. The rats devoured the species, and the last one was seen in 1920.

The tree lobster was believed to be extinct.

Ball's Pyramid, where 24 Lord Howe Island stick insects were found surviving on a single plant in 2001
Ball’s Pyramid, discovered in 1788, is the tallest volcanic stack in the world at 1,844 ft

About 13 miles from Lord Howe Island is a craggy rock formation protruding from the sea. It is called Ball’s Pyramid, after Henry Lidgbird Ball who discovered it in 1788. In 1964, a team of climbers on Ball’s Pyramid found a dead Lord Howe Island stick insect. A few more were discovered over the years, but none that were alive.

It wasn’t until 2001 that two Australian scientists decided to investigate. They scaled the rock, and discovered 24 of the stick insects surviving on a single Melaleuca shrub. Two breeding pairs were later collected. One pair was sent to an private breeder, though they died two weeks later. The other pair, dubbed Adam and Eve, were taken to the Melbourne Zoo where a successful breeding program has since bred over 9,000 of the insects.

The Lord Howe Island stick insects are considered the rarest insects in the world. Scientists hope to to eradicate the rats from the island and reintroduce the insects. How they got to Ball’s Pyramid and managed to survive there on a single plant for 80 years is a mystery.

via NPR