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Bone fragment of St. Nicholas

Bone of St. Nicholas Dated to Correct Era

A fragment of bone believed to be a relic of St. Nick, the historical figure who inspired our modern Santa, has been dated to the 4th century.

When we collect human remains, we’re considered weird and creepy. When the Catholic church does it, the bones are venerated as holy relics belonging to some historical character said to have lived a saintly life performing good deeds. But often, as evidenced by the history of the catacomb saints, no one knows who those bones actually belong to.

In this case, the bones in question are said to be the remains of the 4th-century figure known as St. Nicholas, whose legendary generosity inspired our modern day Santa Claus. As is often the case, there are several churches claiming to possess the remains of jolly old St. Nick.

The Basilica di San Nicola in Bari, Italy, is the most well-known, where remains stolen from Myra, a small town in what is now Turkey, were interred in the crypt in 1089, and left untouched until 1953. When the tomb was opened, an oily liquid was found to be leaking from the bones. The manna of Saint Nicholas, as it is known, supposedly has healing qualities that eager crowds gather to receive during an annual celebration.

The bones of Saint Nicholas in Bari
The bones of St. Nicholas in Bari

Chiesa di San Nicolo al Lido in Venice also claims to have the bones of St. Nick. In Venice, the Church of St. Nicholas has fragments left behind when the bones were stolen from Myra. And to complicate things even further, a team of Turkish archaeologists recently discovered what they believe may be the tomb of Nicholas beneath a church in Antalya, the region where he is believed to have lived.

“His alleged teeth and finger bones are cherished relics in over a dozen churches in places including Russia, France, and the Palestinian territories,” Brian Handwerk writes for National Geographic. “Notable among them was New York City’s St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, which was destroyed during the collapse of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. The relics were never recovered.”

A fragment of pelvis residing in St. Martha of Bethany Church in Morton Grove, Illinois, is also said to belong to the saint. And, unlike other remains, recent tests support the claim.

Oxford has completed radio carbon testing of the bone, which was originally from a church in France. The results dated it to the 4th century. Nicholas is believed to have died around 343 AD, so that places the bone in the correct era. This is of particular interest because typically, when relics are tested, they turn out to be much too recent. These results at least show that this bone is from the right period of time, making its authenticity more likely.

“And the researchers now want to use DNA testing to see how many bones are really from a single individual – and how many might be linked to the bone tested in Oxford,” BBC reports. “The Oxford team are interested in whether the part of the pelvis they have tested matches the relics in Bari, where the collection does not include a full pelvis.”

Related: Santa the Turkish Necromancer

These Creepy Vintage Santa Photos Will Give You Nightmares

Modern Christmas traditions have shunned the Krampus for being too dark and scary, yet we insist on putting children in the laps of creepy old men in big red costumes and beards every year.

Here are some creepy vintage Santa photos sure to put trauma in your stocking this year.

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

Vintage creepy Santa photo

If that doesn’t sufficiently ruin your Christmas spirit the The Bones of St. Nick surely will.

Greetings from the Krampus

The Krampus is a terrifying creature believed to punish naughty children during the Yule season.
Gruss vom Krampus - Greetings from the Krampus

Krampus is the terrifying horned companion of St Nicholas said to punish naughty children during the Yule season. While St. Nick brings gifts to deserving children on the eve of December 5th, this night is known as Krampusnacht, or Krampus Night, in German folklore.

Related

Krampus roams the streets at night in chains and bells, on the lookout for children who have misbehaved. He captures them, stuffs them into his sack and carries them off to his lair for drowning or eating.

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The Bones of St. Nicholas

Sorry folks, St. Nick is dead.
The tomb of St. Nicholas, the original Santa Claus
The tomb of St. Nicholas, the historical inspiration for Santa Claus, in the ruins of a 4th century church in Turkey.

The ruins of an ancient Byzantine church in Demre, Turkey hold what is believed to be the original tomb of St. Nicholas, the 4th century bishop whose name has become synonymous with gift-giving.

Nicholas’ miraculous and charitable acts were well-known in his time. It is said that he made anonymous donations of gold coins to a poor family, saving the daughters from a life of slavery and prostitution. A medieval tradition grew around this story, leading to the gift-giving custom of St. Nicholas Eve on December 5th.

In another legend, a butcher was luring children into his home to murder them, cut them up and sell them in barrels as food during a time of famine. When an angel told St. Nicholas of these atrocities, the bishop went to the butcher’s home just in time to restore life to three boys before they could be eaten.

Though his name is not included in the records, history claims the good saint attended the Council of Nicea in 325. He was apparently kicked out for slapping the heretic Arius.

Upon his death, commonly accepted as December 6 of some year between 330 and 352, St. Nicholas was interred in the church where he served, in what was then called Myra. He became known as the patron saint of sailors, travelers, thieves and children. Christians made pilgrimages from all over to visit his tomb.

In 1087 his sarcophagus was broken open, the remains stolen by Italian merchants following an attack from Muslim invaders that damaged the church. The thieves took the bones to a cathedral in Bari, Italy, where they believed they would be safe.

The Relics of St. Nicholas can be seen today. Part of a mandible and other small bits of bone are on display in the Basilica di San Nicola in Bari. An oily liquid, known as Manna di S. Nicola or santa manna, is said to flow from them. It is highly valued for its supposed medicinal properties, extracted ceremoniously once a year on May 9th.

The relics of Saint Nicholas in Bari

While our modern Christmas traditions are sadly devoid of cannibalism and prostitutes, the legends of St. Nicholas still pervade our holidays nearly 1,700 years later.

The name Santa Claus was derived from Sinterklaas, the Dutch name for St. Nicholas.